Author(s): T. Yamamura, T. X. Zhang & Y. Fujiki
The objective of this paper is to clarify the spatial and social impact on a city
caused by its being registered as a World Heritage Site and its transformation
into a tourist destination.
As part of an investigation of the problems related to
rapid development of tourism and its pressures on World Heritage Sites, this
study attempted to clarify the issues facing the tourist industry at the Old Town
of Lijiang, Yunnan Province, China, a World Heritage Site, by focusing on the
tourist shops there and comparing these data as of 2004 with previous data as of
The ways in which both the existing indigenous society (a minority known
as the Naxis) and the majority peoples, temporary residents, engage in
commercial tourism-related activities were examined.
As a result, it was found
that, in recent years, the usage of historic buildings has drastically changed.
present, over 90% of shops are tourist-oriented souvenir shops and restaurants.
Furthermore, over 50% of shopkeepers are temporary residents, mainly Han
Chinese, with a large majority renting rooms from indigenous owners.
findings suggest that the location of the residences of the indigenous minority
and its culture are rapidly changing as tourism develops.
indigenous society, World Heritage Site, Lijiang, China, social
impact of tourism, migration of population.
Size: 1,151 kb
Paper DOI: 10.2495/ST060111
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