Author(s): R M Hassan
Alexandria City is the main beach resort on the Mediterranean Sea of Egypt.
The beaches and coastal front of the city have been suffering from a number of problems.
Alexandria beaches were narrow and suffered from erosion.
The coastal highway, forming one of the two main roads, was susceptible to erosion seaward of the wall and experienced overtopping problems.
A plan for the development of the coastal front of the city was prepared, which addressed the beaches as well as the coastal highway and its protection.
This plan, as well as the technical solutions chosen to protect a number of beaches and to reconstruct the coastal highway, are the topics of this paper.
Beach protection and development of three beaches; Cleopatra, Sporting and San Stefan0 are presented.
In response to environmental problems experienced with detached emerged breakwaters which were often used to protect the northern Nile Delta coast, submerged breakwaters have been introduced in Alexandria.
In the design of the new coastal highway protection, a number of constraints related to environmental and functional requirements had to be fulfilled.
These requirements and the solutions are presented.
Alexandria is situated on the southwestern part of the Mediterranean Sea in Egypt and is considered one of the oldest cities in the area, Figure 1.
This major city is also the main beach resort on the Egyptian Mediterranean.
Size: 800 kb
Paper DOI: 10.2495/CENV020411
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This paper can be found in the following bookCoastal Environment: Environmental Problems in Coastal Regions IVBuy