Author(s): S. A. Akbar, M. Siddiq, M. U. M. Awan, S. Shah & M. Iqbal
In the developing world, despite official promotion and support, engineered
structures continue to fail to take root in post-event reconstruction efforts.
the 2005 Kashmir and 2001 Gujarat earthquakes are excellent case studies of
owner preference in this regard where the overwhelming majority of
reconstructed building stock turned out to be non-engineered.
Based upon first hand surveys of reconstruction after the Kashmir earthquake
and other published studies, this paper attempts to analyse aspects of nonengineered
construction that tend to make it more desirable to owners as
compared with the engineered options.
It finds that these aspects can be divided
into two categories.
The first one, not entirely specific to non-engineered
structures, relates to aspects of physical design such as construction materials
and techniques, as well as aesthetic and cultural aspects.
The second and critically important aspect is the construction paradigm of the
non-engineered structure which takes place within the larger construction milieu
of the region.
The paper analyses and contrasts the construction paradigm of both
types of structures and identifies it as the key difference between the two.
further concludes that improving seismic performance of the non-engineered
structure is strongly dependent upon respecting its construction paradigm, and
that any change in the culture of construction must be brought about through it.
construction paradigm, non-engineered structures, seismic
performance, post-event reconstruction, owner driven reconstruction.
Size: 342 kb
Paper DOI: 10.2495/RAV110321
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This paper can be found in the following bookManagement of Natural Resources, Sustainable Development and Ecological Hazards IIIBuy