Author(s): S. Kulshreshtha, E. Wheaton & V. Wittrock
Natural hazards are a common occurrence on the semi-arid prairies, both in
terms of extreme dryness (droughts), and extreme moisture (floods).
when such events occur, they generate devastating impacts on the economic and
social system of any community, when that community happens to be a First
Nations community, these challenges are further compounded by the regulations
that govern these communities.
The community selected for this investigation
was the Kainai Blood Indian Reserve, Alberta, Canada.
The impacts of past
extreme weather events (droughts and floods) were serious for the people of the
Reserve, although floods likely had the most immediate impacts on the residents.
The response capabilities of emergency services were stressed, infrastructure,
such as roads, was damaged and the potable water sources were compromised.
The droughts appeared to have less direct impact on the residents of the Reserve
because their water supply is from communal groundwater sources.
to the extreme events were seriously handicapped by regulations that create
economic limitations faced by the Kainai Nation residents.
limited money transfers by the Federal government to the Nation, absence of
property rights, lack of local economic opportunities, high unemployment rates,
and relatively lower human capital (level of education and skills).
future adaptation measures will continue to be challenging unless government
policies are changed to meet the requirements of KBIR and similar First Nations
First Nations community, Kanai blood tribe reserve, drought, flood,
adaptation, government policy.
F N s
Size: 492 kb
Paper DOI: 10.2495/RAV110261
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This paper can be found in the following bookManagement of Natural Resources, Sustainable Development and Ecological Hazards IIIBuy