Author(s): Y. D. Bussière, I. Espinosa Torres, J.-L. Collomb & E. Ravalet
Cycling in the city, a practice which had been lost progressively since the 1960s
with the rapid expansion of the use of the automobile, has recently become
common practice in many cities of the North where the bicycle had almost
Urban speedways and viaducts built in the 1960s are being
reconsidered and even destroyed to give place to boulevards and a friendlier
urban environment for pedestrians.
Many examples are available: Lyon with the
introduction of Velo’V in 2005, Paris with the introduction of Veli’b in 2007 and
Montreal with the introduction of BIXI in 2009 are recent experiences which
may be cited as best practices.
Could similar policies be applicable to Latin
American cities where the use of the bicycle has been progressively abandoned
but seems to have now a regaining image? What could be its potential impact on
diminishing greenhouse gas emissions? What could be its potential impact on
tourism? After a rapid review of various experiences in Europe, Canada and
Latin America, we will focus on the example of Puebla, a city of 1.5 million
inhabitants in the Centre-East of Mexico, for which we collected data in an
opinion survey (2007–8) on non motorized modes.
This case study leads to
conclusions on the feasibility of such policies in a South American context and
its potential impact in terms of sustainability as well as in economic benefits via
the tourist industry.
An approximation of the emissions in urban transportation
that can be saved by the practice of the bicycle for utilitarian an leisure purposes
and multimodality Bike-Public Transport, facilitated by the rent-a-bike systems,
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Paper DOI: 10.2495/SW100701
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