Author(s): N. Ejaz, N. Akhtar, H. Nisar & U. Ali Naeem
Solid waste damps are seriously spoiling the environmental conditions in
Negative environmental impacts from improper solid
waste dumping can be easily observed everywhere in the developing world.
Pakistan, due to a lack of proper planning and funding, the solid waste
management scenario is becoming worse day by day.
To highlight the main
causes of improper solid waste management in developing countries, Rawalpindi
city is selected as a case study.
This city is facing miserable solid waste
management crises due to rapid industrialization, urbanization and insufficient
Improper solid waste dumps are spreading different diseases in the
It is investigated during the research that due to rapid growth in
population, increments in solid waste generation rate, management deficiencies,
lack of legislative implementation and funding, the solid waste management
systems of Rawalpindi are not working effectively.
The major causes for the
inefficient municipal solid waste management systems in Rawalpindi are the
unintended invasion of the city, severe weather conditions, lack of social
awareness/community involvement, improper resources including improper
equipment and lack of funds.
An inefficient municipal solid waste management
system may create serious negative environmental impacts like infectious
diseases, land and water pollution, obstruction of drains and loss of biodiversity.
solid waste management, Rawalpindi City, environmental impacts,
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Paper DOI: 10.2495/SW100351
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