Author(s): J. Pinto, H. Varum, A. Cepeda, P. Tavares, J. Lousada,
P. Silva & J. Vieira
Tabique constructions can be found almost everywhere in Portugal.
In fact, it is
one of the most used traditional building techniques using raw materials, such as
earth and wood, particularly for interior partition walls.
A tabique constructive
element can be described as a timber structure, more or less complex and robust,
filled and plastered on both sides by a composite earth based material.
Montes e Alto Douro region is the northeast region of Portugal where the
tabique heritage is very vast/the most significant.
Tabique can be found in many
kinds of constructions, from the very simple rural dwellings to more important
buildings and constructions, such as castles, villas, etc.
Many of the existing
tabique constructions present an advanced stage of deterioration, partially
justified by the maintenance knowledge and practice that has been lost over time
about these techniques and their rehabilitation procedures, due to the fast
introduction of new materials in the construction.
Considering this, research
work has been developed with the main objectives of studying the building
process of tabique construction elements, typifying dimensions of tabique walls
and their components, and characterizing constitutive materials.
research project, it was intended to create a knowledge base that can guide and
stimulate future rehabilitation actions in this field.
At the first stage, this study
was developed at one of the six council associations of the Trás-os-Montes e
Alto Douro region, namely the Alto Tâmega.
A selected group of constructions,
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Paper DOI: 10.2495/SW100281
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