Author(s): T.D. Sikora, G.S. Young, R.C. Beal, F.M. Monaldo &
This chapter reviews many of the marine meteorological capacities of synthetic
aperture radar (SAR).We first examine the attributes of SAR image analysis in the
study of air–sea interaction, providing examples of marine meteorological phenomena
routinely imaged by SAR and discussions on how the scientific community can
exploit this proven ability of SAR.
Phenomena examined are organized by scale as
follows: microscale cellular convection, microscale roll vortices, microscale gravity
waves, mesoscale gravity waves, mesoscale convection, polar mesoscale cyclones,
tropical cyclones, macroscale fronts, and extratropical cyclones.
Next, we provide
a review of recent advances in the transfer of SAR images to high-resolution (of
the order of 100 m) near-surface wind speed images.
Finally, we summarize the
history of SAR as a meteorological tool and discuss its future.
The field of SAR meteorology is advancing at a steady pace.
The material presented
in this chapter represents the state of the art as of early 2004.
For more than two decades, it has been known that imaging microwave radar, such
as synthetic aperture radar (SAR), can be employed as a marine meteorological
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Paper DOI: 10.2495/978-1-85312-929-2/04
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