Author(s): S. Parveen & I. M. Faisal
This paper examines the occupational health and safety problems faced by the
child waste-pickers of Dhaka City.
An extensive field survey and physical
examinations of the waste-pickers have been used to collect the necessary
The paper tracks down the health problems to their roots with the
help of an impact-pathway based analysis.
The study finds that the most
prevalent types of occupational risks include: bites from insects and rats, cuts
and bruises, skin disease, respiratory and gastro-intestinal tract problems, eye
irritation, body aches, general weakness, and frequent fever.
In order to
understand the type and extent of the health and safety risks faced by the
waste-pickers compared to non-waste picking children with similar
socio-economic and environmental profiles, a comparative epidemiological
analysis was carried out using exposed and control groups.
It has been found that
in terms of point and period prevalence rates, waste-pickers suffer significantly
more than the control-group children.
Using the linear multiple regression
technique, the study further finds that the link between point/period morbidity
indices and the risk factor (waste-picking) is a strong one as indicated by the
associated t-statistic and overall performance of the models.
A number of
confounding factors also seem to influence the prevalence of health problems.
The regression models indicate that health problems decrease with age, increase
with family size, decrease with monthly expenditure, and girls tend to suffer
more compared to boys.
solid waste, health impact, risk factor, confounding factor,
prevalence rate, morbidity index.
Size: 393 kb
Paper DOI: 10.2495/EHR050301
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